In a peculiar twist, Thomas Jefferson [1743 – 1826], a man who is usually noted as a[n] enlightened voice in American history, drafted a proposed revision of Virginia’s laws. In it, he specified that the penalty for sodomy among men should be castration, and for women, a hole should be cut in the nasal cartilage [dt. „Nasenscheidewand“] of at least one half inch in diameter apparently in the belief that torture was preferable to the death penalty. Jefferson’s proposal was unique not only because it specified mutilation as a punishment, but because he broke with the English tradition and included women in his definition of sodomy. Fortunately, Jefferson’s „liberal“ approach was never made law.